AHRQ--Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: Advancing Excellence in Health Care

Pediatric Quality Indicators Overview

What are Pediatric Quality Indicators?

The Pediatric Quality Indicators (PDIs) focus on potentially preventable complications and iatrogenic events for pediatric patients treated in hospitals and on preventable hospitalizations among pediatric patients, taking into account the special characteristics of the pediatric population.

How are Pediatric Quality Indicators used?

The PDIs can be used to identify potential quality and patient safety issues specific to the pediatric inpatient population. They can help hospitals identify problems in pediatric hospital care that may need further study and evaluate preventive care for children in outpatient settings.

For more information about the Pediatric Quality Indicators, download the Pediatric Quality Indicators Brochure.

Pediatric Quality Indicators Resources

  • Individual Measure Technical Specifications (v2018 and v2018.0.1 ICD-10-CM/PCS coding)

    Breaks down calculations used to formulate each PDI, including a brief description of the measure, numerator and denominator information, and details on cases that should be excluded from calculations.- New!

  • Individual Measure Technical Specifications (v6.0 ICD-9-CM only version)

    Breaks down calculations used to formulate each PDI, including a brief description of the measure, numerator and denominator information, and details on cases that should be excluded from calculations.

  • Parameter Estimates for v6.0 ICD-9-CM*

    Tables of PDI covariates and coefficients for risk adjustment logistic regression models.

  • Benchmark Data Tables for v6.0 ICD-9-CM*

    Tables of nationwide comparative rates for PDIs including observed rate, numerator, and denominator data for each indicator overall and stratified by sex, age group, and insurance status.

  • Log of Coding Updates and Revisions for the v2018 ICD-10-CM/PCS and v6.0 ICD-9-CM versions

    Tables summarizing revisions made to the PDI software, software documentation and technical specifications since the original release of these documents in November 2001.
    - New!

*Parameter Estimates and Benchmark Data will be published in the future once the risk adjustment is added to the ICD-10-CM/PCDS software.

To access prior versions of the PDI resources, visit the Archives page.

  • AHRQ Composite Measures Workgroup

    This report summarizes the work of the PDI Composite Measure Workgroup, which assisted AHRQ in developing a composite measure based on the Pediatric Quality Indicators. For more information on Composite Workgroups, visit the AHRQ QI Composite Workgroups page.

  • AHRQ PDI Development

    How the PDI measure set was developed.

Quality Indicator Software

Visit the AHRQ QI Software Page for more information on the Quality Indicators SAS QI and WinQI software.

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