AHRQ--Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality: Advancing Excellence in Health Care
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Quality Improvement and monitoring at your fingertips.

Get to know the AHRQ Quality Indicators


Prevention Quality

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Inpatient Quality

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Patient Safety

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Pediatric Quality

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Bringing excellence to healthcare decision making, quality improvement, and research

Quality Indicators (QIs) are standardized, evidence-based measures of health care quality that can be used with readily available hospital inpatient administrative data to measure and track clinical performance and outcomes.

  • Highlight potential quality improvement areas
  • Track changes over time
  • Identify areas for further study

Put the Quality Indicators to work for your organization

News you can use

Indicator Changes

September 22, 2017 - AHRQ announces the retirement of indicators in v7.0: IQ Area Level, IQI Hospital Level, and PSI Area Level Hospital indicators. -New!

May 1, 2017 - New FAQ related to PSI 04. -New!

November 9, 2016 - Patient Safety and Adverse Events Composite "modified version" of PSI 90 for v6.0 ICD-9-CM (FY2016) Fact Sheet Published.

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Software Releases

December 15, 2017 - Release of AHRQ QI Beta software for v7.0.1 SAS QI and WinQI Software.The updated version supports the 2017 Population file and an update to PSI 03. -New!

September 22, 2017 - Release of AHRQ QI Beta software for v7.0 SAS QI and WinQI Software.

August 22, 2017 - Release of updated AHRQ PDI software for SAS QI v6.0.2 and WinQI v6.0.2 ICD-9-CM.

July 18, 2017 - Release of updated AHRQ PSI software for SAS QI v6.0.2 and WinQI v6.0.2 ICD-9-CM.

May 1, 2017 - Release of updated AHRQ PQI software for SAS QI v6.0.1 and WinQI v6.0.2 ICD-9-CM.

March 22, 2017 Read More


September 22, 2017 - Release of Frequently Asked Questions document related to the v7.0 ICD-10-CM/PCS software is available here.

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Explore The Quality Indicators

Prevention Quality Indicators (PQI)

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The PQIs are area-level Indicators that calculate admissions that might have been avoided through access to high-quality outpatient care and are a key tool for community health needs assessments.

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Inpatient Quality Indicators (IQI)

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The IQIs include mortality indicators, utilization indicators, and volume indicators for key procedures to help hospitals identify potential problem areas that might need further study, as well as for quality improvement and trending initiatives.

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Patient Safety Indicators (PSI)

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The PSIs reflect potentially avoidable safety events that represent opportunities for improvement in the delivery of care.

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Pediatric Quality Indicators (PDI)

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The PDIs are specifically tailored to reflect the special characteristics of the pediatric population, including neonates, and can be used to identify potential quality and patient safety issues specific to the pediatric inpatient population.

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AHRQ QIs In Action

Missouri Hospital Association launched a public reporting website that uses a range of AHRQ QIs to support greater statewide transparency on hospital quality and cost. Initially a voluntary effort, the state legislature now mandates that all Missouri hospitals report pricing data for the 100 most common Diagnostic-Related Groups.

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Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) achieved a 28 percent improvement in performance on AHRQ’s Patient Safety Indicators (PSIs), largely as a result of improved collaboration across departments and increased attention to documentation.

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UPMC reduced PSI 15 from a rate of 8.26 per 1,000 patient discharges in FY 2010 to 1.56 per 1,000 patients in FY 2016.

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Free software puts the power of the AHRQ Quality Indicators in your hands

AHRQ offers free software to help organizations easily use the AHRQ QIs to generate actionable information about the quality of care they provide. The evidence-based AHRQ QIs provide a standard, trusted approach to quality measurement to guide improvements in patient care

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Calculate Quality Indicators with our SAS and WinQI Software

  • Easily calculate quality of care events that might need further study
  • Leverage software for hospital inpatient administrative data
  • Make data readily available and inexpensive
  • Completely free and easy to use

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AHRQ QI Resources

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Toolkit For Hospitals